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) people are an indigenous nation in the Andes and Altiplano regions of South America; about 1 million live in Bolivia, Peru and Chile.
Their ancestors lived in the region for many centuries before becoming a subject people of the Inca in the late 15th or early 16th century, and later of the Spanish in the 16th century.
This language, whose two varieties are known as Jaqaru and Kawki, is of the same family as Aymara.
Many Aymara live and work as campesinos in the surrounding Altiplano.The Aymara flag is known as the Wiphala; it consists of seven colors quilted together with diagonal stripes. Many of Aymaras speak Spanish as a second language, when it is the predominant language in the areas where they live.The Aymara language has one surviving relative, spoken by a small, isolated group of about 1,000 people far to the north in the mountains inland from Lima in Central Peru (in and around the village of Tupe, Yauyos province, Lima department).Linguists have learned that Aymara was once spoken much further north, at least as far north as central parts of Peru.Most Andean linguists believe that it is likely that the Aymara originated or coalesced as a people in this area (see 'Geography' below).