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An employee with ASD works for a large marketing firm.
Though knowledgeable in her field, she had difficulty participating in work activities with her team.
JAN's Accommodation and Compliance Series is designed to help employers determine effective accommodations and comply with Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Each publication in the series addresses a specific medical condition and provides information about the condition, ADA information, accommodation ideas, and resources for additional information.
The employee may need assistance with skills required to prepare and execute complex behavior like planning, goal setting, and task completion.According to the most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5), ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, including deficits in social reciprocity, nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction, and skills in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.The diagnosis also requires the presence of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities (DSM-5, 2013).This can affect the person's ability to adhere to conduct standards, work effectively with supervisors, or interact with coworkers or customers.Individuals with ASD may not be familiar with or understand abstract concepts like corporate structure, hierarchies of responsibility, reporting requirements, and other structural elements of the workplace.
The ADA does not contain a list of medical conditions that constitute disabilities. Numerous other accommodation solutions may exist.) Individuals with ASD may exhibit atypical body movements such as fidgeting.